Basic Music Notation
Lesson 4 - Grand Staff: Diagram of the Piano Keyboard
1. IntroductionIn this lesson, you are going to learn how to represent the keys you learned in music notation. Music notation is used to record music in written form. Music notation is written on what is called a musical staff. In piano, two staves are used. These two staves combine to form what is called the grand staff.
2. The Music StaffLet's take a look at the musical staff. Think of it as a visual representation of the piano keyboard. Each line and space on the staff represents a white key on the piano keyboard. Moving notes up on the staff from line note to space note or space note to line note corresponds with moving to the right on the piano keyboard.
3. Clef SignsLet's take a look at clefs. To make each space and line represent a specific white key on the piano, clef signs are used. Piano music uses two clef signs, the treble clef, also called the G clef, and the bass clef, also called the F clef.
4. Treble ClefLet's take a look at the treble clef, also known as the G clef. The G clef makes the line that the circular part of the G clef sign wraps around a G above middle C. From this, you can figure out what the rest of the notes are.
5. Bass ClefLet's take a look at the bass clef, also known as the F clef. The line between the two dots of the F clef is where the F below middle C goes. From here you can figure out the rest of the notes.
6. Grand StaffThe two staffs combine together to form the grand staff. You'll notice that middle C appears in two different places on the grand staff. Actually, the line that the middle C appears on is the same line. In order to make the grand staff easier to read, the line between the two staves were removed and the two staves were spaced further apart.
7. ConclusionGood work! You have just learned how to represent the keys on the piano keyboard as music notation.
Now try out what you have just learned on our virtual piano keyboard below...
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HOW TO READ MUSIC - Music Notation
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50 Free Piano Lessons
- Lesson 1 - Patterns of Piano Keys
- Lesson 2 - Names of White Keys
- Lesson 3 - Names of Black Keys
- Lesson 4 - Piano Grand Staff
- Lesson 8 - Learn to play Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star
- Lesson 9 - Major Chords
- Lesson 14-Intervals
- Lesson 18-Double Chord Pattern
- Lesson 22-Whole Tone Scale
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A Dozen a Day: Technical Exercises for the Piano to Be Done Each Day Before Practicing
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Piano Layout. You can play this Virtual Piano Z-Board in two ways:
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1. Use the computer mouse to click directly onto the key or note (in RED) on the
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2. Press the corresponding button (in BLUE) on your computer keyboard to
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e.g. Press "Shift" button on the computer
keyboard to play note "C",
Press "S" to play note "E", and so on.
To play C Major Chord (C-E-G) -
Hold down "Shift"-"S"-"F" on
the computer keyboard all at once, see chart below:
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|To play the left hand chord - Hold down all the keys at the same time (in BLUE) on the computer keyboard to play the chord|
|C chord||C - E - G||Shift - S - F|
|G chord||G - B - D||F - B - N|
|F chord||F - A - C||D - G - SpaceBar|
|Dm chord||D - F - A||A - D - G|
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